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Grounded: Flightless Birds

Birds are an acquired taste.  But if you happen to like, or at least appreciate how cool birds can be, you’ll recognize that they come in all forms and sizes, with distinct characteristics that often go beyond just color and plumage.

There’s one small group of birds that have followed a separate evolutionary path than most of their cousins.  Of the estimated 10,000 different bird species on the planet, only about 55-60 of them (depending on whom you ask) are permanently grounded.  Some flightless birds are simply too big and heavy to get off the ground.  Others have developed specific adaptations to overcome their inability to take off… becoming strong swimmers, for example.  Many are vulnerable to predation and as a result are threatened or endangered.

Here are a few of the flightless birds I’ve been fortunate to encounter during my travels over the years:


Perhaps the most obvious example is the world’s largest bird, the ostrich.


During breeding season, male ostriches’ necks turn bright pink.


The rhea is a cousin of the ostrich found in South America.

Magellanic penguin

One doesn’t have to visit the Antarctic to see penguins. I’ve never been there but have seen four different penguin species. This Magellanic penguin was photographed in Argentina.

Yellow-eyed penguin

The endangered yellow-eyed penguin is found in New Zealand, sometimes mixing with the local sheep.


Another flightless New Zealand resident is the weka, a small chicken-like bird.

Flightless cormorants

The flightless cormorant is a large bird found only in the Galapagos Islands.

Steamer duck

Another larger-than-normal flightless bird is the steamer duck, found in Tierra del Fuego.

Flightless bird sightings are definitely underrated.  Even though they’re often clumsy and a bit wobbly on land, it’s prudent to appreciate the relative scarcity of these birds and enjoy the few viewing opportunities we can get.


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